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REPUBLIC OF PERU:
STATE OF EMERGENCY IMPOSED AFTER LATEST KILLING

Update info:
3 Jun 2015 (Updated)
Latest info:
29 May 2015
Country:
REPUBLIC OF PERU
Subject:
Victoriano Huayna (m), Henry Checlla Chura (m), Alberto Vasquez Duran (m), Ramón Colque (m) and those injured during anti-mining protests in Peru
Gender: both
Period:
7 Jul 2015
Distribution date:
3 Jun 2015
UA No:
109/2015

Four people, including one police officer, have been killed and hundreds injured during protests against a planned copper mining project in southern Peru. The authorities imposed a state of emergency in the region following the latest killing on 22 May.

On 22 May street vendor Ramón Colque was shot dead after residents tried to block the Southern Pan-American Highway during anti-mining protests in Islay province, Arequipa department, in southern Peru. Three other men, including Vitoriano Huayna, Henry Checlla Chura, and police officer Alberto Vásquez Durán, have died as a result of violent clashes and excessive use of force by police during these protests since late April. 

Protests against the planned Tía María copper mining project in the Tambo Valley have been ongoing since 23 March. Those opposing the project are concerned that the project will negatively affect the community’s access to clean water for agricultural and domestic use. Following a speech by President Ollanta Humala on 15 May explaining why the mining project could not be stopped, the Southern Peru Copper Corporation announced a temporary suspension of the project for 60 days to allow for further dialogue with the affected communities. However, national media have continued reporting serious clashes between police and local residents, including the recent death of Ramón Colque, as well as attacks on journalists and other local media. In response to the ongoing conflict in the area, the government declared a state of emergency in Islay province on 22 May. 

Amnesty International recognizes that the state has a duty to maintain public order, apprehend suspects and protect public safety, however police may use force only when strictly necessary and proportionate to a legitimate purpose. Violence from some protesters should not be used to quell the right to peaceful assembly of the majority and authorities should ensure that those who are protesting peacefully are able to continue to do so.

Take action

Please write immediately in Spanish or your own language:

  • Calling on the authorities to carry out full and impartial investigations into the killings of Victoriano Huayna, Henry Checlla Chura, Alberto Vasquez Duran and Ramón Colque, as well as those injured, and to bring those found responsible to justice;
  • Acknowledging that while the state has a duty to maintain public order, it should never use excessive force and must guarantee the right to freedom of peaceful assembly; and to take urgent measures so that the security forces comply in all circumstances with human rights standards on the use of progressive, selective and proportionate force when policing social protests;
  • Calling on them to guarantee the rights of all those communities affected by the mining project to participation, information and consultation.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 7 JULY 2015 TO:
President
Ollanta Humala Tasso
Despacho Presidencial, Jirón de la Unión s/n Primera Cuadra- Cercado de Lima, Perú
Fax: +511 311 4700
Email: bcamacho@presidencia.gob.pesecretariageneral@presidencia.gob.pe
Twitter: @Ollanta_HumalaT
Salutation: Mr President / Sr. Presidente

Interior Minister
José Luis Pérez Guadalupe
Ministro del Interior
Ministerio del Interior
Teléfono: +511 418 4030
E-mail: dm@mininter.gob.pe
Salutation: Dear Minister / Sr. Ministro

Attorney General
Pablo Sánchez Velarde
Fiscal de la Nación (i)
Ministerio Público
Fiscalía de la Nación
Teléfono: +511 625 5555 or 208 5555
E-mail: psanchez@mpfn.gob.pe
Salutation: Dear Attorney General / Sr. Fiscal de la Nació

Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.

Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date. This is the first update of UA 109/15. Further information: www.amnesty.org/en/documents/AMR46/1681/2015/en/